1. The current logistics human resource problem
Currently, there are about 3,000 logistics enterprises in Vietnam and it is expected that by 2030, the demand for logistics human resources will be over 200,000 people. Meanwhile, the ability to meet the demand for logistics human resources only meets about 10% of the market’s demand, so it can be said that logistics human resources in Vietnam are lacking in both quantity and quality.
According to the Vietnam Logistics Service Enterprises Association (VLA), in addition to capital difficulties, Vietnamese logistics enterprises are facing a shortage of professional staff and well-trained workers in the service sector. logistics. According to the survey results of the Association, the number of well-trained workers in logistics services only accounts for about 5-7% of the number of employees currently working in this field.
In fact, the scale of long-term formal training and short-term training has not yet met the logistics human resource needs of enterprises today. Up to 85.7% of Vietnamese enterprises have to self-train and foster logistics human resources through actual work. In particular, a number of large-scale logistics enterprises have invested in their own logistics and supply chain management training centers to ensure development goals.
According to Mr. Tran Thanh Hai, Deputy Director of the Import-Export Department, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Vietnam’s logistics is currently facing a shortage of human resources in terms of quantity, weak in qualifications and professionalism. Along with that, the preparation of knowledge, skills, attitudes as well as psychological state of Vietnamese logistics workers to be ready to receive the wave of labor migration between ASEAN countries is not high.
In addition, the problem of labor discipline, awareness of law compliance as well as low labor intensity are also limitations that need to be overcome in the near future for Vietnamese logistics human resources.
2. Logistics human resources need to be improved more and more
Many experts believe that, to build human resources in the field of logistics in Vietnam requires the active participation and commitment of stakeholders including the Government, local authorities, logistics enterprises and universities. vocational training. In particular, it is necessary to closely coordinate between specialized agencies and enterprises in order to accurately identify labor and recruitment needs. In addition, the state needs to develop professional standards for logistics, support schools to invest in facilities and equipment in the field of logistics…
Assoc. Ho Thi Thu Hoa, Director of the Vietnam Logistics Research and Development Institute (VLI), said that training high-quality logistics human resources is an urgent requirement today. “The Government’s promulgation of Decision No. 221/QD-TTg dated February 22, 2021 amending and supplementing Decision No. 200/QD-TTg dated February 14, 2017 approving the Action Plan to improve energy competitiveness and development of Vietnam’s logistics services by 2025, in which emphasis is placed on training human resources with international degrees in logistics and considers this as one of the key tasks”, Ms. Hoa affirmed
In the context of globalization and the strong fourth Industrial Revolution, Mr. Tran Thanh Hai stated that the requirements for the quality of professional qualifications and skills of logistics human resources need to be increasingly improved. In particular, the workforce with in-depth industry knowledge, foreign language skills, information technology application, communication and negotiation skills, etc. will be a key factor to help improve the capacity of enterprises. “In the long run, human resources will be a decisive factor to help Vietnamese logistics enterprises quickly catch up with other countries, improve competitiveness, and expand markets both domestically and internationally”, said Mr. Hai.
To overcome the shortcomings and create more favorable conditions for logistics human resource development in general and logistics training in particular, on April 30, 2021, the Minister of Home Affairs issued Decision No. /QD-BNV allows the establishment of the Vietnam Logistics Human Resources Development Association.
According to Mr. Tran Thanh Hai, this is a specific step to implement the tasks stated in the Action Plan to improve competitiveness and develop Vietnam’s logistics services to 2025 stated in Decision 200 and Decision 221 of the Prime Minister. The Vietnam Logistics Human Resource Development Association has the task of participating in the implementation of the Government’s decisions to develop logistics human resources, improve the competitiveness of logistics enterprises and develop the logistics industry to achieve the goals set by the Government. government has set.
Together with other associations in the logistics field, the Vietnam Logistics Human Resources Development Association will join hands to contribute to the goal of making Vietnam’s logistics industry develop faster and more firmly in the coming period, Mr. Hai expects.